Government Report and Review Process

Current Review of Children’s Rights in Canada

The current review of progress in how Canada implements the Convention on the Rights of the Child is officially called the 5th-6th review.  On this page you will find:

  • Links to the official report by the federal and provincial governments;
  • General response to the report by the CCRC and links to alternative analyses being done by the CCRC and its members
  • Links to previous recommendations and actions promoted by the CCRC to realize children’s rights in Canada
  • Information about the official process as it moves forward.

Government Report on Children’s Rights in Canada

Canada filed its official 5th-6th report today, more than six months late. Les cinquième et sixième rapports.

Annex I is statistical information. Annex 2 is a report on what officials heard.  Annex 3 is an executive summary of report from young people.  Annexe 1 – Renseignements et données statistiques . Annexe 2 : Ce que nous avons entendu . Annexe-3-Sommaire-exécutif-du-rapport-CDE.

CCRC Overview Analysis of the Government Report

The report provides general statements and names some specific initiatives that relate to the 2012 recommendations.  Missing is substantive analysis of outcomes for children.  Missing is analysis of serious issues for the realization of children’s rights. There are major gaps in the response to previous recommendations. Some responses to previous recommendations are half-answers.  A few good provincial initiatives are listed, for example, but there is no reporting on what has been done in all the other provinces. Recommendations for systemic change are ignored, in spite of clear evidence in Canada that the current system is not working.  Rulings by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal since the last review have ordered redress for serious violations of the rights of indigenous children.  If the systems to implement, monitor, and report on children’s rights in Canada were working as they should under the Convention, this would have been addressed years ago. Canada’s report is a missed opportunity to fix a system that is not working well.  Using the review to make substantive changes, as well as listing a few specific programs, would benefit all children and make Canada’s federalist system of governance work better for our children and the well-being of our nation.

Children in Canada are not well-served by this report.  It will be up to civil society organizations to provide a more honest and balanced account of progress on children’s rights in Canada.

Canada’s 5th/6th report comes on the 30th Anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.  One benefit of the Convention is a holistic approach that puts children at the center.  This report fails to do that.   Full implementation of children’s rights, the CCRC goal, would make Canada work better for children.  We can do better in Canada than this report.

The CCRC and its members will now provide alternative analyses to inform public discussion in Canada and review by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.

CCRC Fact sheets and Research Documents

During 2019, members of the CCRC and partner organizations will produce easy-to-read fact sheets of themes and important issues in this review.  Each fact sheet will be linked to research documents prepared by persons with expertise in that area of children’s rights.   Sharing knowledge and analysis is the goal of these pages.

If you have information and analysis that relates to children’s rights in Canada, the CCRC is interested in hearing from you.  To share information you have, or get further information about  CCRC plans for the 2018 Review, send a message to

Raising the Bar for Canada’s Report

In anticipation of Canada’s official report, the CCRC set out reasonable expectations for five central components to make progress in Canada.

2012 Review:  Recommendations to Canada, CCRC reports

Check the recommendations Canada received in 2012, 10 Action Steps proposed by the CCRC to implement the recommendations, the CCRC alternative report for the 3th/4th review, and background research reports on our Monitoring Page.

Summary of progress five years after the 3th/4th review

In 2017 the CCRC prepared an overview of  progress on the recommendations from the 2012 review, as of November, 2017.

Review Process:  Next Steps

Canada’s official report, submitted 9 months late, has been posted on the website of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.   Since it was filed late, there will be delay in finding a time on the Committee’s schedule for its official review.  The earliest likely time is late 2020 or 2021.

The CCRC will host a webinar on the official process, once a date has been set.  We will work with groups to prepare their own submissions or contribute to a CCRC submission, and share information about the various stages of the review process.

In the meantime, the CCRC encourages efforts to raise public awareness in Canada about children’s rights and the benefits of implementation for children and for Canada as a country.  If you would like more detailed information or discuss how you can contribute and work with others, please send a message to