Alternative Reports for the 5th/6th Review of Children’s Rights in Canada
First Nations Children:
Canada’s Ongoing Racial Discrimination Against 165,000 First Nations Children and Their Families: First Nations Family And Caring Society Report
This report, prepared for the 5th/6th review of children’s rights, documents violations of the rights of First Nations children and proposes The Spirit Bear Plan, a series of actions to end inequalities in all public services for these children.
Canada’s Record on the Rights of Indigenous Children: Native Women’s Association of Canada report
This report brings together recommendations from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission report, the Report on Missing and Murdered Women, and previous reports and visits by UN Committees with regard to the rights of indigenous children. It also provides an analysis of recent changes in indigenous child welfare. It includes questions that Canada needs to answer for accountability on children’s rights.
First Nations Water Rights: Drinking Water Advisories as a Violation of Children’s Rights: Save the Children Canada Report
This report, prepared for the 5th/6th review of children’s rights, analyzes the right to water as a children’s right and the situation and impacts for First Nations children who lack access to clean water. It provides information that is missing in Canada’s official report. It presents recommended actions to fulfill the right of children to have access to clean water.
Water Crisis in First Nations Communities: Submission by Human Rights Watch.
This report analyzes the water crisis in First Nations Communities as a violation of children’s rights. It also addresses Canada’s role in protecting education during armed conflicts.
Children with Disabilities:
This report, prepared for the 5th/6th review of children’s rights, provides information about children with disabilities in Canada and the need for better data, analysis, and monitoring to protect their rights. It addresses rights in education, health, and recreation. It analyzes and recommends improvements for children in the Accessibility Act and the National Autism Strategy, as well as other policy areas.
Children in Racial Minority Groups: Report by Colour of Poverty/Colour of Change, with 10 associated agencies and persons.
This report provides evidence on a range of issues that affect the realization of rights by children in racial minority groups, along with recommendations.
Homeless Youth: Duty to Assist: Accelerating Canada’s Obligations Under General Comment No. 21: Report by A Way Home Canada.
This report, prepared for the 5th/6th review of children’s rights, provides information about the factors that contribute to youth homelessness and what could be done to prevent it.
It introduces the Duty to Assist, a child rights principle that is implemented in other countries and could make a big difference for the prevention of youth homelessness in Canada.
Children with Incarcerated Parents: Children’s Rights Analysis by the Canadian Friends Service Committee
Children in the Refugee System
Immigration Detention of Children in Canada: Report by Human Rights Watch and the University of Toronto International Human Rights Program
This report provides a detailed analysis of the use of detention of children who claim asylum in Canada.
Children Brought to Canada to train as Buddhist Monks: A report that applies the Convention to a particular situation in P.E.I.
This report asks questions about the duty of federal and provincial governments to protect the rights and best interests of children brought to Canada to be trained as Buddhist monks.
Canada Child Benefit Leaves Out Some Children
The Canada Child Benefit (CCB) is designed to help all families with the cost of raising children. New research shows that rules set by the Canada Revenue Agency leave out some children, even though their parents may be paying taxes. Children whose parents have irregular immigration status are not eligible for the CCB, even though they are considered residents for the purpose of paying taxes. Discrimination against a child in a universal program, based on the immigration status of parents, violates Canada’s duties under Articles 2,6,26, and 27 of the Convention.
A discussion paper, prepared by the CCRC, asks questions about provincial child welfare systems, based on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. It calls for substantive reform to protect the rights of children across the country.